The burgeoning gay and lesbian civil rights movement of the 1970s and 1980s was not confined to america: many western european nations and canada also began to produce films that acknowledged or reflected the movement. 1930) began to make short experimental films. Many black-and-white clips of film scenes and photos of directors and stars complement the entries. The last chapter covers “films with lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender characters in secondary or bit roles and/or films which make references to homosexuality. Images in the dark: an encyclopedia of gay and lesbian film and video. ) of 1970s singer karen carpenter. (1989) remains the definitive statement on what it was like to be a black gay man in the 1980s.
Encypedia of lesbian films. 1961), tom kalin, jennie livingston (b. (1974) makes use of bold symbolism (blood, eggs), optical printing, and sound loops in order to exalt the essentially feminine process of menstruation. The production of foreign, experimental, and documentary films that centered on queer issues eventually helped spark the production of gay and lesbian independent feature film production in america. Over 100 entries highlight the people, genres, and artistic works of the gay and lesbian community, and their contributions to popular culture. During the 20th century through today, gay and lesbian artists, writers, political activists, and sports figures contributed their talents to all areas of popular culture. (1982) dramatized a lesbian relationship and issues of bisexuality. The second, “horror,” is about a scientist who accidentally ingests a sex-hormone serum, and is filmed as a pastiche of 1950s monster movies.
In the postwar era, Creates a campy tone, the film is far from facile or condescending.